Western Sahara

General Information about Western Sahara

Found along the North Atlantic Ocean and home to over 383,000 residents, Western Sahara is neighboured by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. Boasting a coastline of 1,110 kilometres Western Sahara covers a total area of 266,000 square kilometres.

Western Sahara is first thought to have been inhabited by the Bafour residents, followed by Arab tribes but later became under the rule of Spain. In recent years Western Sahara has been seized or annexed by Morocco with negotiations still in process in 2008.

Because of Western Sahara's history the main offical residents are of Arab and Spanish nationalities. Spanish and Arabic are the two official languages with the Arab dialect being Hassânîya. The capital city of Western Sahara is El Aaiun which is also the capital of the Laayoune- Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra which is a region of Morocco.

Found within the capital city of El Aaiun is Western Sahara's only International Airport with the majority of flights arriving from Morocco, Spain and the Canary Islands.

Climate

Find Out About the Climate of Western Sahara

Western Sahara experiences typical arid desert like weather conditions with minimal amounts of rainfall. During the evenings the temperature can drop quite low and packing some warmer clothing for the evenings is recommended. Travelling between October and April is best as conditions tend to be less harsh during this period. Conditions at Western Sahara can also be foggy at times with heavy dews along the coastal regions.

Geography

Geographical Information on Western Sahara

The terrain of Western Sahara is very rocky and mountainous in the south and north eastern parts of the country. The coastline of Western Sahara is particulary rocky and is not a popular destination because of this. Many parts of Western Sahara is desert with many areas being particulary sandy. Western Sahara can be quite dusty at times and it is between November and March that the country experiences the West African trade winds known as the Harmattan.

Economy

Learn About the Economy of Western Sahara

Fishing and pastoral nomadism are two of the main source of economy of Western Sahara. Phosphate mining is also important supporting the majority of the population. Even though approximately half of the nations population is employed in the agricultural industry, the contribution of this industry is minimal. This is mainly because only 0.02 percent of the nations land is arable and the fact that rainfall is rare. Western Sahara mainly exports phosphates which all exports being controlled by Morocco. The official currency of Western Sahara is the Moroccan Dirham.

Must Explore would like to wish you an enjoyable stay in Western Sahara.

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