South America Travel Information

South America is the 4th largest continent with a land area of 17,800,00 square kilometres (687,260 square miles), covering almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. South America is the 5th largest in terms of population, with approximately 371 million people. South America is comprised of 15 countries, including two British dependent territories.

South America is a continent occupying the southern part of the supercontinent of the Americas. It sits entirely in the Western Hemisphere, and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the West by the Pacific Ocean and on the North and East by the Atlantic Ocean. North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the North West.

South America is home to The Amazon, which is the largest river (by volume) and The Amazon Rainforest, the largest rainforest. It is also home to The Andes, the longest mountain range, which passes through seven South American countries.

South America has evidence of agricultural practices that date back to 6500 BC and domesticating wild animals for food and wool in the highlands around 3500 BC. The first Europeans (Spanish and Portuguese) came to South America in the 1400's influencing the culture, language and religion.

Portuguese and Spanish are the most spoken languages in South America, each spoken by around 90% of the continent's population. Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, which holds nearly 50% of the South American population. Spanish is the official language of most countries of the continent.

South America's major mineral resources are gold, silver, copper, iron ore, tin and oil. The many resources of South America have brought high income to its countries, especially in times of war or of rapid economic growth by industrialized countries elsewhere.

South America Photo Gallery (8 of 76 Photos)

Argentina

Argentina is located in southwestern South America and is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uraguay to the northeast, the South Atlantic Ocean to the east and Chile to the west and south. Argentina has a population of over 40 . . . more about Argentina

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Bolivia

Bolivia is located in central South America and is landlocked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru. Bolivia, named after Simon Bolivar, has a population of just over 9. . . . more about Bolivia

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Brazil

Brazil is the largest country in South America and is bordered by every country in the continent except Ecuador and Chile. Brazil is bordered by French Guinea, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and th . . . more about Brazil

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Chile

Chile is a long narrow country located in the southeast of South America. Chile is bordered by Peru to the north, Bolivia to the notheast, Argentina to the east, the Drake Passage to the south and the South Pacific Ocean to the west. . . . more about Chile

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Colombia

Columbia is located in the northwest of South America and is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, Peru to the south, Ecuador to the southwest, the North Pacific Ocean to the west and the Central . . . more about Colombia

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Ecuador

Ecuador is located in South America and is bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador has a population of almost 13. . . . more about Ecuador

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Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands is a South American island nation located in the South Atlantic Ocean that is also known as Islas Malvinas. The Falkland Islands consist of some 778 islands including the two main islands West Falkland and East Falkland. . . . more about Falkland Islands

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French Guiana

French Guiana is located in northern South America and is bordered by Brazil, Suriname and the North Atlantic Ocean. There are almost 200,000 people living in French Guiana, which is an overseas territory, and one of the 26 regions of France. . . . more about French Guiana

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Guyana

Guyana is located in the north of South America and is the only nation state of the Commonwealth of Nations that lies on mainland South America. Guyana is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean to the north, Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south a . . . more about Guyana

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Paraguay

Paraguay is a landlocked country that is located in the centre of South America. Paraguay is bordered by Bolivia to the northwest, Brazil to the northeast and east and Argentina to the south and southwest. . . . more about Paraguay

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Peru

Peru is located in western South America and is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south and the South Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru has a population of over 28. . . . more about Peru

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Suriname

Suriname is located in northern South America and is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Brazil to the south and Guyana to the west. Suriname has a population of almost 500,000 people and is the smallest sov . . . more about Suriname

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Uruguay

Uruguay is located in southeastern South America and is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, the South Atlantic Ocean and the Rio de la Plata to the south and Argentina to the west and northwest. Uruguay has a population of over 3,400,000 peopl . . . more about Uruguay

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Venezuela

Venezuela is comprised of the mainland country of Venezuela as well as numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea off the Venezuelan coast. Venezuela is located in northern South America and is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Guyana to the ea . . . more about Venezuela

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