Africa Travel Information

Africa is the second largest continent both in land area and population, after Asia. Africa covers about 30,330,000 sq km (11,699,000 sq miles), which makes up about 22 per cent of the world's total land area.

Africa is considered to be the oldest inhabited continent by scientists, with fossil evidence dating back 7 million years. With about 922 million people in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14.2% of the world's human population speaking over 1000 languages.

As the equator crosses the continent, it has numerous climatic zones from tropical to sub-arctic on its mountain peaks.

Africa has the World's Largest Desert, the Sahara, with an area greater than the Continental US. Africa is also home to The River Nile in North-Eastern Africa. At 6,650km (4,132 miles), it is the longest river in Africa and in the world.

The Namibia, Fish River Canyon can also be found in Africa. This is the second largest canyon in the world. Africa also holds the world's second-largest freshwater lake, covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq miles) and lying 1,130m (3,720ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82m (270ft).

Africa is a continent of 53 independent countries and a rich mix of native people, cultures, economies and history. Almost completely encircled by water, Africa is home to vast deserts, tropical rain forests, rugged mountains and fertile grasslands. Its National Parks, wildlife preserves, and incredible natural beauty attract an ever-increasing number of tourists from around the globe.

Algeria

Algeria is on the North coast of Africa, with Tunisia on its North-Eastern border, Libya to the East, Niger on the South-Eastern border, Mali in the South-West and Morocco on the Western border. Its capital is Algiers and it has a population of 33. . . . more about Algeria

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Angola

Angola is on the West coast of Africa with Nambia on its Southern border, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the Northern border and Zambia to its East Its capital and largest city is Luanda and it has a population of 12. 2 million people. . . . more about Angola

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Benin

Benin is small West African country on the Bight of Benin from which it draws its name. Burkina Faso and Niger are on its Northern border, Togo on the Western border and Nigeria to the East. . . . more about Benin

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Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, with South Africa on its Southern and South-Eastern borders, Nambia on its Western border, Zambia to the North and Zimbabawe on the North-Eastern border. Its capital city is Gaborone and its popul . . . more about Botswana

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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa and is surrounded by six countries. It has Mali on its Northern border, Niger on the Eastern border, Benin in the South East, Togo and Ghana on the Southern border and the Cote d'Ivore on the South . . . more about Burkina Faso

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Burundi

Burundi is a small country in the East of Africa bordered by Rwanda in the North, Tanzania in the South and East and the Democratic Republic of the Congo is on its Western border. While Burundi is a landlocked country, it is in the Great Lakes regio . . . more about Burundi

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Cameroon

Cameroon is in Central West Africa with a sea border on the Bight of Bonny. It has Nigeria on its Western border, Chad to the North-East, the Central African Republic to the East, the Republic of the Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea on its Souther . . . more about Cameroon

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Cape Verde

Cape Verde is an archipelago off the West coast of Africa consisting of 10 main islands and 5 islets, some of which are uninhabited. Its capital is Praia and the population is 421 000. . . . more about Cape Verde

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Central African Republic

The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa, with Chad on its Northern border, Sudan to the East, Cameroon on its Western border with both the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on its Southern b . . . more about Central African Republic


Chad

Chad which got it's name from Lake Chad, the fourth largest lake in Africa, is a landlocked country found in north-central Africa and is bordered by Niger, Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Nigeria. The official languages are Fren . . . more about Chad

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Comoros

The country of Comoros is made up of four main islands Ngazidja, Mwali, Nzwani and Mahoré plus many smaller islands and is situated in the Indian Ocean, just off the eastern coast of Africa. It's capital city Moroni is located on Ngazidja and i . . . more about Comoros

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Congo

The Republic Of The Congo is an African country bordered by the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic Of Congo, Angola, Gaon, Cameroon and the South Atlantic Ocean. The Republic Of Congo is situated on the equator so it has a consistantl . . . more about Congo

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Cote d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire, known in English as the Ivory Coast is located in West Africa and borders Liberia and Guinea to the west, Mali and Burkina to the north, Ghana to the east and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. There are around 18,700,000 people livi . . . more about Cote d'Ivoire

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Democratic Republic

The Democratic Republic of Congo has a population of 56,625,039 people. It is found in Africa and is a landlocked country bordered by Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Buruni, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Congo and the Central African Republic. . . . more about Democratic Republic

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Djibouti

Djibouti is a small country in Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and the Red Sea. The capital city Djibouti City has a population of 320,000 people, which is two-thirds of the country's entire population. . . . more about Djibouti

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Egypt

With The Sphinx, the Nile, and the pyramids, Egypt, located in north-east Africa is one of the most interesting country's to visit. With a population of 80,000,000 people Egypt is 1,001,449 sqaure kilometers in area, 94% of which is barren desert. . . . more about Egypt

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Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is a small country comprised of five islands plus the mainland portion. It is located in Western Africa and bordered by Cameroon, Gabon and the Bight of Biafra. . . . more about Equatorial Guinea

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Eritrea

Eritrea is found in Eastern Africa bordering Sudan, Ethiopa, Djibouti and the Red Sea. Eritrea has a population of 4,400,000 who speak Tigrinya, Arabic and some English. . . . more about Eritrea

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Ethiopia

Located in Africa, Ethiopia is an landlocked country bordering Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Sudan. It has a population of 76,511,887 and four official languages - Arabic, Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo. . . . more about Ethiopia

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Gabon

Gabon is located in the north-west of Africa and is bordered by the Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. As the equator runs right through the centre of the country, the climate is quite hot and humid with the tempe . . . more about Gabon

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Gambia

Gambia, who's primary language is English, is one of Africa's smallest countries and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean but otherwise surrounded by Senegal. 90% of the 1,688,359 population are Muslim and 9% are Christian so holidays of both religions . . . more about Gambia

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Ghana

Ghana is located in west Africa between Togo and Cote d'Ivoire and below Burkina Faso. It's capital city Accera lies on the coast line of the Gulf of Guinea. . . . more about Ghana

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Guinea

Guinea is situated in western Africa bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Guinea has a population of around 9,947,814 people, 1,767,200 of which live in the countrys capital and l . . . more about Guinea

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Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau is located in Western Africa between Guinea and Senegal, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the smallest countrys in Africa and has an approximate population of 1,472,780 with around 355,000 living in Bissau, the capital . . . more about Guinea-Bissau

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Kenya

Kenya is located between Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia and Ethiopa and found in east Africa bordering the Indian Ocean. The Kenyan population is just over 31,500,000 people with there being a fairly even amount of followers of the Roman Catholic, . . . more about Kenya

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Lesotho

Lesotho is found in southern Africa, completely surround by the country of South Africa. Lesotho has a very mountainous terrain, with more than 80% of the country elevated almost 2,000 meters above sea level. . . . more about Lesotho

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Liberia

Liberia is slowly recovering from many years of intense civil wars and is regarded by some as a dangerous place to visit. Liberia is located on the west African coast bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, Cote d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone and Guinea with it . . . more about Liberia

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Libya

Libya is located in north Africa bordering the Mediterrean Sea and Tunisa to the north, Algeria to the west, Niger, Chad and Sudan to the south and Egypt to the east. Libya is the 17th largest country in the world and has a land area of over 1,759,5 . . . more about Libya

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Madagascar

Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. Madagascar is an African country situated in the Indian Ocean just off the east African coast and is also home to 5% of the worlds' plant and animal species. . . . more about Madagascar

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Malawi

Malawi is an African country landlocked by Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia with the Great Rift Valley running through the country from north to south. Here lies the tenth largest lake in the world, the Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa) which co . . . more about Malawi

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Mali

Mali is located in western Africa and landlocked by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritaniaand is the seventh largest country in Africa. French is the official language spoken by the 11,600,000 who live in Mali, 9 . . . more about Mali

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Mauritania

Mauritania is situated in north-west Africa and includes a large part of the Sahara desert. Mauritania is bordered by the Western Sahara and Algeria on the North, Sehegal on the south, Mali on the east and south east and the North Atlantic Ocean on . . . more about Mauritania

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Mauritius

Although Mauritius is an African country situated off southern Africa in the Indian Ocean, it is heavily influenced by its French and British ties and Indian workers. There are around 1,250,000 people living in Mauritius and the official language of . . . more about Mauritius

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Mayotte

Mayotte is a small island country off southern Africa that lies in the Mozambique channel half way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. Geographically, Mayotte is part of the Comoros islands but have been politically separate since t . . . more about Mayotte

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Morocco

Morocco is located in northern Africa between the Western Sahara and Algeria. Morocco is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Mediterraen Sea on the north-west. . . . more about Morocco

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Mozambique

Mozambique is located in southeast Africa and is bordered by South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania and the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean. There are around 21,397,000 people living in Mozambique with around 1,000,000 of . . . more about Mozambique

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Namibia

Namibia is found in Africa bordered by Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, South Africa to the south and southeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west. Namibia has a population of just over 2,000,000 people who speak a variety . . . more about Namibia

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Niger

Niger was named after the Niger River and is found in western Africa. Niger is landlocked between Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Algeria. . . . more about Niger

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Nigeria

Nigeria is located in western Africa bordered by Niger to the north, Chad to the north-east, Cameroon to the west/south-west, Benin to the east and the Gulf Of Guinea to the south. Nigeria is the 8th most populated country in the world with over 145 . . . more about Nigeria

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Reunion

Reunion is a small French island in the Indian Ocean near the African island country Madagascar. Reunion has a population of around 800,000 people, with about 160,000 living in Reunion's capital city Saint-Denis. . . . more about Reunion

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Rwanda

Rwanda is a small landlocked country situated just east of the centre of Africa. It is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. . . . more about Rwanda

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Saint Helena

Ideally located within the South Atlantic Ocean, the island of Saint Helena is thought to be one of the world's most remote islands. Saint Helena can be found between Africa and South America and is fact a British overseas teritory. . . . more about Saint Helena

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Sao Tome and Principe

São Tomé and Príncipe are two African islands that form one country. They are located off the north-west coast of Gabon in the Gulf of Guinea and have a combined population of just under 2 million people. . . . more about Sao Tome and Principe

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Senegal

Senegal is located in western Africa and completely surrounds the Gambia except for it's Atlantic Ocean coast line. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, Guinea and Guina-Bissau to the south and by the North Atlantic Ocea . . . more about Senegal

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Seychelles

Seychelles is made up of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean off the easwt coast of Africa. English is the officail language spoken by those in Seychelles but 92% of the population speak Creole. . . . more about Seychelles

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is located on the west African coast and bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean on the west, Guinea on the north and east and Liberia on the south. Sierra Leone has a population of 5,866,000 people, 20 African ethnic groups make up 90% of . . . more about Sierra Leone

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Somalia

Somalia is located in east Africa and is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and the Indian Ocean. Somalia has a population of about 9 million people who speak Somali as well as some English, Arabic and Italian. . . . more about Somalia


South Africa

South Africa is the southern most mainland country in Africa. It is situated below Nambia, Botswana, Mozambique and Swaziland and entirely surrounds the country of Lesotho. . . . more about South Africa

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Sudan

At 2,376,000 square kilometers, Sudan is the largest country in Africa and the tenth largest country in the world. Sudan is located in east Africa bordered by Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, . . . more about Sudan


Swaziland

Swaziland is one of Africa's smallest countries and is located in Southern Africa, landlocked between Mozambique to the east and South Africa to the north, south and west. Swaziland has a population of 1,100,000 people who speak English and siSwati . . . more about Swaziland

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Tanzania

Tanzania is located in eastern Africa and is bordered by Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Democratic Republic Of Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is made up of the mainland region Tanganyika and the islands of Zanzibar . . . more about Tanzania

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Togo

Togo is located in west Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Benin to the east and the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Togo has a population of 5,701,579 with over half of this population following indi . . . more about Togo

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Tunisia

Tunisia is Africa's northern most country. It is situated on the the Mediterranean Coast and bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest and Libya to the southeast. . . . more about Tunisia

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Uganda

Uganda is situated in eastern Africa landlocked between Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Uganda shares the Lake Victoria in it's south with Kenya and Tanzania. . . . more about Uganda

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Western Sahara

Found along the North Atlantic Ocean and home to over 383,000 residents, Western Sahara is neighboured by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. Boasting a coastline of 1,110 kilometres Western Sahara covers a total area of 266,000 square kilometres. . . . more about Western Sahara


Zambia

Zambia is found in southern central Africa and is landlocked between Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Nambia, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Zambia has a population of around 11,477,447 who speak English or Bemba and f . . . more about Zambia

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is located in southern Africa and is landlocked between Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana and Zambia. There are around 13,000,000 people living in Zimbabwe. . . . more about Zimbabwe

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